Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007

Updated: 6 September, 2007

Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3
Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6

The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE) for implementation from year 2007.

Primary 4

Whole Numbers Fractions Decimals
Measurement Geometry Data Analysis

Whole Numbers

  1. Numbers up to 100 000
    • number notation and place values (ten thousands, thousands, hundreds, tens, ones)
    • reading and writing numbers in numerals and in words
    • comparing and ordering numbers
    • odd and even numbers
    • number patterns
    • rounding off numbers to the nearest 10 or 100
    • use of the approximation symbol (≈)
  2. Multiplication and division
    • multiplication of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number
    • multiplication of a 3-digit number by a 2-digit number
    • division of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number
    • solving up to 3-step word problems involving the 4 operations
    • estimation of answers in calculations involving the 4 operations
    • checking reasonableness of answers
  3. Factors And multiples
    • determine if a 1-digit number is a factor of a given number
    • list all factors of a whole number up to 100
    • finding the common factors of two given numbers
    • recognising the relationship between factor and multiple
    • determining if a number is a multiple of a given 1-digit number
    • listing the first 12 multiples of a given 1-digit number
    • finding the common multiples of two given 1-digit numbers
    • Exclude:
      • 'highest common factor' (H.C.F.) and 'lowest common multiple’ (L.C.M.)

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Fractions

  1. Mixed numbers and improper fractions
    • concepts of mixed numbers and improper fractions
    • expressing an improper fraction as a mixed number, and vice versa
    • expressing an improper fraction / mixed number in its simplest form
    • (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)
  2. Addition and subtraction
    • addition and subtraction of
      • like fractions
      • related fractions
    • (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)
    • Exclude:
      • calculations involving more than 2 different denominator
  3. Fraction of a set of objects
    • interpretation of fraction as part of a set of objects
  4. Multiplication
    • multiplication of a proper / improper fraction and a whole number
    • solving up to 2-step word problems involving addition, subtraction and multiplication
    • using unitary method to find the whole given a fractional part
    • (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)

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Decimals

  1. Decimals up to 3 decimal places
    • notation and place values (tenths, hundredths, thousandths)
    • identifying the values of the digits in a decimal
    • use of the number line to display decimals
    • comparing and ordering decimals
    • conversion of a decimal to a fraction
    • conversion of a fraction whose denominator is a factor of 10 or 100 to a decimal
    • rounding off decimals to
      • the nearest whole number
      • 1 decimal place
      • 2 decimal places
  2. Addition and subtraction
    • addition and subtraction of decimals (up to 2 decimal places)
    • estimation of answers in calculations
    • checking reasonableness of answers
  3. Multiplication and division
    • division of a whole number by a whole number with answer in decimal form
    • multiplication and division of decimals (up to 2 decimal places) by a 1-digit whole number
    • solving up to 2-step word problems involving the 4 operations
    • rounding off answers to a specified degree of accuracy
    • estimation of answers in calculations
    • checking reasonableness of answers

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Measurement

  1. Time
    • measurement of time in seconds (s)
    • 24-hour clock
    • solving word problems involving time in 24-hour clock
  2. Money
    • multiplication and division of money in decimal notation
    • solving word problems involving the 4 operations of money in decimal notation
  3. Area and perimeter
    • finding the area of a composite figure made up of rectangles and squares
    • finding one dimension of a rectangle given the other dimension and its area / perimeter
    • finding the length of one side of a square given its area / perimeter
    • solving word problems involving the area/ perimeter of squares and rectangles
    • Exclude:
      • use of the symbol

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Geometry

  1. Perpendicular and parallel lines
    • drawing of perpendicular and parallel lines using ruler and set squares
    • use of the terms ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’
  2. Angles
    • using notation such as ∠ABC and ∠x to name angles
    • estimation and measurement of angles in degrees
    • drawing an angle using a protractor
    • associating
      • 1
        4
        turn / right angle with 90°
      • 1
        2
        turn with 180°
      • 3
        4
        turn with 270°
      • a complete turn with 360°
      • 8-point compass
    • Exclude:
      • drawing and measuring reflex angles
      • use of the notation x°
  3. Rectangle and square
    • properties of rectangle and square
    • finding unknown angles
    • Exclude:
      • the term ‘diagonal’ and its related properties
      • finding angles involving additional construction of lines
  4. Symetry
    • identifying symmetric figures
    • determining whether a straight line is a line of symmetry of a symmetric figure
    • completing a symmetric figure with respect to a given horizontal / vertical line of symmetry
    • designing and making patterns
    • Exclude:
      • finding the number of lines of symmetry of a symmetric figure
      • rotational symmetry
  5. Tessellation
    • recognising shapes that can tessellate
    • identifying the unit shape in a tessellation
    • making different tessellations with a given shape
    • drawing a tessellation on dot paper
    • designing and making patterns

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Data Analysis

  1. Tables
    • completing a table from given data
    • reading and interpreting tables
    • solving problems using information presented in tables
  2. Line graphs
    • reading and interpreting line graphs
    • solving problems using information presented in line graphs
    • Exclude:
      • distance-time graph

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at www.moe.gov.sg (link opens in new page)

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