Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Updated: 6 September, 2007

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The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE) for implementation from year 2007.

Whole Numbers | Fractions | Decimals |

Measurement | Geometry | Data Analysis |

- Numbers up to 100 000
- number notation and place values (ten thousands, thousands, hundreds, tens, ones)
- reading and writing numbers in numerals and in words
- comparing and ordering numbers
- odd and even numbers
- number patterns
- rounding off numbers to the nearest 10 or 100
- use of the approximation symbol (≈)

- Multiplication and division
- multiplication of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number
- multiplication of a 3-digit number by a 2-digit number
- division of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number
- solving up to 3-step word problems involving the 4 operations
- estimation of answers in calculations involving the 4 operations
- checking reasonableness of answers

- Factors And multiples
- determine if a 1-digit number is a factor of a given number
- list all factors of a whole number up to 100
- finding the common factors of two given numbers
- recognising the relationship between factor and multiple
- determining if a number is a multiple of a given 1-digit number
- listing the first 12 multiples of a given 1-digit number
- finding the common multiples of two given 1-digit numbers
- Exclude:
- 'highest common factor' (H.C.F.) and 'lowest common multiple’ (L.C.M.)

- Mixed numbers and improper fractions
- concepts of mixed numbers and improper fractions
- expressing an improper fraction as a mixed number, and vice versa
- expressing an improper fraction / mixed number in its simplest form
- (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)

- Addition and subtraction
- addition and subtraction of
- like fractions
- related fractions

- (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)
- Exclude:
- calculations involving more than 2 different denominator

- addition and subtraction of
- Fraction of a set of objects
- interpretation of fraction as part of a set of objects

- Multiplication
- multiplication of a proper / improper fraction and a whole number
- solving up to 2-step word problems involving addition, subtraction and multiplication
- using unitary method to find the whole given a fractional part
- (Denominators of given fractions should not exceed 12)

- Decimals up to 3 decimal places
- notation and place values (tenths, hundredths, thousandths)
- identifying the values of the digits in a decimal
- use of the number line to display decimals
- comparing and ordering decimals
- conversion of a decimal to a fraction
- conversion of a fraction whose denominator is a factor of 10 or 100 to a decimal
- rounding off decimals to
- the nearest whole number
- 1 decimal place
- 2 decimal places

- Addition and subtraction
- addition and subtraction of decimals (up to 2 decimal places)
- estimation of answers in calculations
- checking reasonableness of answers

- Multiplication and division
- division of a whole number by a whole number with answer in decimal form
- multiplication and division of decimals (up to 2 decimal places) by a 1-digit whole number
- solving up to 2-step word problems involving the 4 operations
- rounding off answers to a specified degree of accuracy
- estimation of answers in calculations
- checking reasonableness of answers

- Time
- measurement of time in seconds (s)
- 24-hour clock
- solving word problems involving time in 24-hour clock

- Money
- multiplication and division of money in decimal notation
- solving word problems involving the 4 operations of money in decimal notation

- Area and perimeter
- finding the area of a composite figure made up of rectangles and squares
- finding one dimension of a rectangle given the other dimension and its area / perimeter
- finding the length of one side of a square given its area / perimeter
- solving word problems involving the area/ perimeter of squares and rectangles
- Exclude:
- use of the symbol

- Perpendicular and parallel lines
- drawing of perpendicular and parallel lines using ruler and set squares
- use of the terms ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’

- Angles
- using notation such as ∠ABC and ∠x to name angles
- estimation and measurement of angles in degrees
- drawing an angle using a protractor
- associating

turn / right angle with 90°1 4

turn with 180°1 2

turn with 270°3 4 - a complete turn with 360°
- 8-point compass

- Exclude:
- drawing and measuring reflex angles
- use of the notation x°

- Rectangle and square
- properties of rectangle and square
- finding unknown angles
- Exclude:
- the term ‘diagonal’ and its related properties
- finding angles involving additional construction of lines

- Symetry
- identifying symmetric figures
- determining whether a straight line is a line of symmetry of a symmetric figure
- completing a symmetric figure with respect to a given horizontal / vertical line of symmetry
- designing and making patterns
- Exclude:
- finding the number of lines of symmetry of a symmetric figure
- rotational symmetry

- Tessellation
- recognising shapes that can tessellate
- identifying the unit shape in a tessellation
- making different tessellations with a given shape
- drawing a tessellation on dot paper
- designing and making patterns

- Tables
- completing a table from given data
- reading and interpreting tables
- solving problems using information presented in tables

- Line graphs
- reading and interpreting line graphs
- solving problems using information presented in line graphs
- Exclude:
- distance-time graph

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at www.moe.gov.sg (link opens in new page)

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