Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007

Updated: 6 September, 2007

Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3
Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6

The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2007" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE) for implementation from year 2007.

Primary 1

Whole Numbers Measurement
Geometry Data Analysis

Whole Numbers

  1. Numbers up to 100
    • counting to tell the number of objects in a given set
    • comparing the number of objects in two or more sets
    • use of ordinal numbers (first, second, up to tenth) and symbols (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
    • number notation and place values (tens, ones)
    • reading and writing numbers in numerals and in words
    • comparing and ordering numbers
    • number patterns
    • Exclude:
      • use of the terms ‘cardinal number’ and ‘ordinal number’
      • use of the symbols > and <
  2. Addition and subtraction
    • concepts of addition and subtraction
    • use of the addition symbol (+) or subtraction symbol (-) to write a mathematical statement for a given situation
    • comparing two numbers within 20 to tell how much one number is greater (or smaller) than the other
    • recognising the relationship between addition and subtraction
    • building up the addition bonds up to 9 + 9 and committing to memory
    • solving 1-step word problems involving addition and subtraction within 20
    • addition of more than two 1-digit numbers
    • addition and subtraction within 100 involving
      • a 2-digit number and ones
      • a 2-digit number and tens
      • two 2-digit numbers
    • addition and subtraction using formal algorithms
  3. Mental calculation
    • addition and subtraction within 20
    • addition and subtraction involving
      • a 2-digit number and ones without renaming
      • a 2-digit number and tens
  4. Multiplication and division
    • multiplication as repeated addition (within 40)
    • use of the multiplication symbol (×) to write a mathematical statement for a given situation
    • division of a quantity (not greater than 20) into equal sets:
      • given the number of objects in each set
      • given the number of sets
    • solving 1-step word problems with pictorial representation
    • Exclude:
      • use of multiplication tables
      • use of the division symbol (÷)

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  1. Length And Mass
    • measurement and comparison of the lengths / masses of two or more objects in non-standard units
    • use of the following terms:
      • long, longer, longest
      • short, shorter, shortest
      • tall, taller, tallest
      • high, higher, highest
      • heavy, heavier, heaviest
      • light, lighter, lightest
    • Exclude:
      • finding the difference in length / mass
  2. Time
    • telling and writing time to the hour / half hour
    • Exclude:
      • 24-hour clock
  3. Money
    • identifying coins and notes of different denomination
    • matching a coin / note of one denomination to an equivalent set of coins / notes of another denomination
    • telling the amount of money
      • in cents up to $1
      • in dollars up to $100
    • use of the symbols $ and ˘
    • solving word problems involving addition and subtraction of money in dollars only (or in cents only)
    • Exclude:
      • combinations of dollars and cents

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  1. Basic Shapes (rectangle, square, circle, triangle)
    • identifying and naming the 4 basic shapes from 2-D and 3-D objects
    • describing and classifying shapes
  2. Patterns
    • making / completing patterns with 2-D cut-outs according to one or two of the following attributes
      • shape
      • size
      • colour
    • making / completing patterns with 3-D models
      • cube
      • cuboid (rectangular block)
      • cone
      • cylinder

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Data Analysis

  1. Picture graphs
    • collecting and organising data
    • making picture graphs
    • use of a symbol/picture to represent one object
    • reading and interpreting picture graphs in both horizontal and vertical forms
    • Exclude:
      • picture graphs with scales

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at (link opens in new page)

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