Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Updated: 29 December, 2004

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The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2001" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE).

Whole Numbers | Money and Measures | Statistics |

Fractions | Geometry |

- Number Notation And Place Values
- read and write numbers up to 10,000 in numerals and in words
- recognise the place values of numbers (thousands, hundreds, tens, ones)
- compare and order numbers up to 10,000

- Addition And Subtraction
- add and subtract numbers up to 4 digits
- includes use of terms ‘sum’ and ‘difference’
- includes use of abacus

- carry out addition and subtraction mentally involving two 2-digit numbers

- add and subtract numbers up to 4 digits
- Multiplication Tables Up To 10 × 10
- count in steps of 2, 3, 4, 5, ... 10
- includes completing number sequences leading to multiplication tables

- build up the multiplication tables up to 10 × 10 and commit to memory

- count in steps of 2, 3, 4, 5, ... 10
- Multiplication And Division By A 1-Digit Number
- multiply and divide numbers up to a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number
- includes use of the terms ‘product’, ‘quotient’ and ‘remainder’
- excludes 2-step calculation such as: Find the product of 6 and the difference between 10 and 8

- carry out simple mental calculations

- multiply and divide numbers up to a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number
- Odd And Even Numbers
- identify odd and even numbers

- Word Problems
- solve up to 2-step word problems involving the four operations on whole numbers
- includes units of measure

- solve up to 2-step word problems involving the four operations on whole numbers

- Units Of Measure
- visualise the relative magnitudes of standard units: kilometre and metre metre and centimetre kilogram and gram litre and millilitre hour and minute minute and second year and month month and day year and day week and day
- includes use of the word ‘capacity’
- includes use of abbreviations: km, m, cm, kg, g, , ml, h, min, s

- measure in compound units: length : kilometre, metre, centimetre mass : kilogram, gram time : hour, minute, second, day, week, month, year area : square metre, square centimetre volume : litre, millilitre
- includes estimating and measuring with different units
- includes use of the terms ‘past’ and ‘to’ such as ‘10 minutes past 5’ and ‘15 minutes to 12’

- carry out the following conversions, and vice versa: kilometre to metre metre to centimetre kilogram to gram litre to millilitre hour to minute minute to second year to month week to day
- includes compound units
- numbers involved should be within easy manipulation

- visualise the relative magnitudes of standard units: kilometre and metre metre and centimetre kilogram and gram litre and millilitre hour and minute minute and second year and month month and day year and day week and day
- Addition And Subtraction Of Length, Mass, Volume And Time
- add and subtract in compound units: length mass volume time
- excludes seconds
- numbers involved should be within easy manipulation

- add and subtract in compound units: length mass volume time
- Addition And Subtraction Of Money
- add and subtract money in compound units using the decimal notation

- Word Problems
- solve up to 2-step word problems involving money, length, mass, volume and time
- includes problems involving different units of measure
- includes problems involving concept of duration of time interval

- solve up to 2-step word problems involving money, length, mass, volume and time
- Perimeter Of A Rectilinear Figure
- calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure: in centimetres in metres
- includes estimating and measuring perimeter
- excludes figures such as and

- calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure: in centimetres in metres
- Area And Perimeter Of A Square And A Rectangle
- calculate the perimeter of square and rectangle
- excludes use of formulae

- compare the areas of shapes in non-standard units
- estimate the area of a square and a rectangle in standard unit
- visualise the relative sizes of 1 square metre and 1 square centimetre
- includes estimating area in square metres and square centimetres
- excludes conversion between cm² and m²

- use formula to calculate the area of a square and a rectangle
- includes use of abbreviations: cm², m²

- calculate the perimeter of square and rectangle

- Bar Graphs
- read scales on the axis
- includes both horizontal and vertical represantations

- read and interpret bar graphs
- solve problems using information given in bar graphs

- read scales on the axis

- Equivalent Fractions
- recognise and name equivalent fractions
- includes the terms ‘numerator’ and ‘denominator’

- list the first 8 equivalent fractions of a given fraction with denominator not greater than 12
- write the equivalent fraction of a fraction given the denominator / numerator
- express a fraction in its simplest form

- recognise and name equivalent fractions
- Comparing And Ordering
- compare and order related and unlike fractions with denominators up to 12
- includes both increasing and decreasing order
- number of fractions involved should not exceed 3

- compare and order related and unlike fractions with denominators up to 12

- Concept Of Angles
- associate an angle as a certain amount of turning
- identify right angles
- restricts to only right angles inside the figure

= 5 right angles - excludes figures such as and

- restricts to only right angles inside the figure
- tell whether a given angle is greater or smaller than a right angle
- excludes use of the terms ‘acute’, ‘obtuse’ and ‘reflex’ angles

- identify angles in 2-D shapes

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at www.moe.gov.sg (link opens in new page)

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