Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Primary Mathematics Syllabus (2001 - 2006)

Updated: 29 December, 2004

Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3
Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6

The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2001" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE).

Primary 3

Whole Numbers Money and Measures Statistics
Fractions Geometry

Whole Numbers

  1. Number Notation And Place Values
    • read and write numbers up to 10,000 in numerals and in words
    • recognise the place values of numbers (thousands, hundreds, tens, ones)
    • compare and order numbers up to 10,000
  2. Addition And Subtraction
    • add and subtract numbers up to 4 digits
      • includes use of terms ‘sum’ and ‘difference’
      • includes use of abacus
    • carry out addition and subtraction mentally involving two 2-digit numbers
  3. Multiplication Tables Up To 10 × 10
    • count in steps of 2, 3, 4, 5, ... 10
      • includes completing number sequences leading to multiplication tables
    • build up the multiplication tables up to 10 × 10 and commit to memory
  4. Multiplication And Division By A 1-Digit Number
    • multiply and divide numbers up to a 3-digit number by a 1-digit number
      • includes use of the terms ‘product’, ‘quotient’ and ‘remainder’
      • excludes 2-step calculation such as: Find the product of 6 and the difference between 10 and 8
    • carry out simple mental calculations
  5. Odd And Even Numbers
    • identify odd and even numbers
  6. Word Problems
    • solve up to 2-step word problems involving the four operations on whole numbers
      • includes units of measure

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Money and Measures

  1. Units Of Measure
    • visualise the relative magnitudes of standard units:  kilometre and metre  metre and centimetre  kilogram and gram  litre and millilitre  hour and minute  minute and second  year and month  month and day  year and day  week and day
      • includes use of the word ‘capacity’
      • includes use of abbreviations: km, m, cm, kg, g, , ml, h, min, s
    • measure in compound units:  length : kilometre, metre, centimetre  mass : kilogram, gram  time : hour, minute, second, day, week, month, year  area : square metre, square centimetre  volume : litre, millilitre
      • includes estimating and measuring with different units
      • includes use of the terms ‘past’ and ‘to’ such as ‘10 minutes past 5’ and ‘15 minutes to 12’
    • carry out the following conversions, and vice versa:  kilometre to metre  metre to centimetre  kilogram to gram  litre to millilitre  hour to minute  minute to second  year to month  week to day
      • includes compound units
      • numbers involved should be within easy manipulation
  2. Addition And Subtraction Of Length, Mass, Volume And Time
    • add and subtract in compound units:  length  mass  volume  time
      • excludes seconds
      • numbers involved should be within easy manipulation
  3. Addition And Subtraction Of Money
    • add and subtract money in compound units using the decimal notation
  4. Word Problems
    • solve up to 2-step word problems involving money, length, mass, volume and time
      • includes problems involving different units of measure
      • includes problems involving concept of duration of time interval
  5. Perimeter Of A Rectilinear Figure
    • calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure:  in centimetres  in metres
      • includes estimating and measuring perimeter
      • excludes figures such as and
  6. Area And Perimeter Of A Square And A Rectangle
    • calculate the perimeter of square and rectangle
      • excludes use of formulae
    • compare the areas of shapes in non-standard units
    • estimate the area of a square and a rectangle in standard unit
    • visualise the relative sizes of 1 square metre and 1 square centimetre
      • includes estimating area in square metres and square centimetres
      • excludes conversion between cm² and m²
    • use formula to calculate the area of a square and a rectangle
      • includes use of abbreviations: cm², m²

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  1. Bar Graphs
    • read scales on the axis
      • includes both horizontal and vertical represantations
    • read and interpret bar graphs
    • solve problems using information given in bar graphs

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  1. Equivalent Fractions
    • recognise and name equivalent fractions
      • includes the terms ‘numerator’ and ‘denominator’
    • list the first 8 equivalent fractions of a given fraction with denominator not greater than 12
    • write the equivalent fraction of a fraction given the denominator / numerator
    • express a fraction in its simplest form
  2. Comparing And Ordering
    • compare and order related and unlike fractions with denominators up to 12
      • includes both increasing and decreasing order
      • number of fractions involved should not exceed 3

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  1. Concept Of Angles
    • associate an angle as a certain amount of turning
    • identify right angles
      • restricts to only right angles inside the figure
        = 5 right angles
      • excludes figures such as and
    • tell whether a given angle is greater or smaller than a right angle
      • excludes use of the terms ‘acute’, ‘obtuse’ and ‘reflex’ angles
    • identify angles in 2-D shapes

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at (link opens in new page)

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