Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Primary Mathematics Syllabus (2001 - 2006)

Updated: 29 December, 2004

Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3
Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6

The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2001" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE).

Primary 2

Whole Numbers Money and Measures Statistics
Fractions Geometry

Whole Numbers

  1. Number Notation And Place Values
    • count to 1,000
      • includes counting in tens and hundreds
    • read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words
      • includes the use of zero as a place holder
    • recognise the place values of numbers (hundreds, tens, ones)
      • includes completing number sequences
    • compare and order numbers up to 1,000
      • includes finding the difference
  2. Addition And Subtraction
    • add and subtract two numbers up to 3 digits
      • includes formal algorithm
      • includes use of abacus
    • carry out addition and subtraction mentally involving:  3-digit numbers and ones  3-digit numbers and tens  3-digit numbers and hundreds
  3. Multiplication And Division Within The 2, 3, 4, 5 And 10 Times Tables
    • count in steps of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10
      • includes completing number sequences leading to multiplication tables
    • build up the multiplication tables of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 and commit to memory
      • includes activities to help pupils see that multiplication is commutative
    • multiply numbers within the multiplication tables
    • write mathematical statements for given situations involving division
      • includes use of division symbol
    • divide numbers within the multiplication tables
      • excludes division with remainder
    • carry out multiplication and division within multiplication tables mentally
  4. Word Problems
    • solve 1-step word problems involving the four operations

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Money and Measures

  1. Measurement Of Length And Mass And Volume
    • estimate and measure:  length in metres/centimetres  mass in kilograms/grams  volume in litres
      • includes the use of appropriate instruments for measuring
      • includes use of the appropriate measure and their abbreviations: cm, m, g, kg and
      • includes concept of conservation of volume of liquid
      • excludes compound units
      • excludes volume of solids
  2. Addition And Subtraction Of Length, Mass And Volume
    • compare:  lengths  masses  volumes
      • includes finding the difference
    • add and subtract:  lengths  masses  volumes
      • excludes conversion of units
  3. Time
    • tell and write time from the clock face
      • includes reading time, e.g. read ‘9.15’ as ‘nine fifteen’; ‘9.50’ as ‘nine fifty’
      • includes use of ‘a.m.’ and ‘p.m.’
      • includes drawing hands on the clock face to show time
      • includes use of abbreviations: h and min
      • includes the concept of duration of time when reading time
      • excludes cases where the minute hand is between two numbers
  4. Addition And Subtraction Of Money
    • read and write money using decimal notation
    • add and subtract money in compound units
      • includes making ‘change’
      • includes cases such as $2.50 + 60¢ and $5.75 - $3
      • excludes cases such as $2.50 + $3.20 and $5.75 - $2.55
  5. Word Problems
    • solve 1-step word problems involving length, mass, volume and money

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  1. Picture Graphs With Scales
    • make picture graphs using a scale representation
      • includes both horizontal and vertical represantations
    • read and interpret picture graphs with scales
    • solve problems using information presented in picture graphs
      • includes scales such as "Each represents 6 bags."
      • excludes cases involving the use of an incomplete symbolic representation such as

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  1. Equal Parts Of A Whole
    • Recognise and name unit fractions up to
      • excludes set of objects
      • includes the use of symbols:
        , ...
  2. Idea Of Simple Fractions
    • recognise and name a fraction of a whole
      • excludes the use of mathematical statements such as 1 -
  3. Comparing And Ordering Fractions
    • compare and order unit fractions and like fractions

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  1. Shapes And Patterns
    • identify and name:  a semicircle (half circle)  a quarter circle
    • identify the following shapes that make up a given figure:  square  rectangle  triangle  circle  semicircle  quarter circle
      • includes tracing the outlines of figures formed and talking about the shapes used to form the figures
    • complete patterns according to:  shape  size  orientation  two of the preceding attributes
      • includes identifying the patterns and relationships
  2. Lines, Curves And Surfaces
    • identify straight lines and curves
      • includes forming figures with straight lines and curves and describing how they form the figures
    • draw a straight line of given length
    • identify flat and curved faces of a 3-D object

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at (link opens in new page)

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