Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Updated: 29 December, 2004

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The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2001" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE).

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- Number Notation And Place Values
- count to 100
- includes completing sequences of consecutive numbers
- includes counting in tens and completing sequence

- read and write numbers up to 100 in numerals and in words
- Recognise the place values of numbers (tens, ones)

- count to 100
- Cardinal And Ordinal Numbers
- give a number to indicate the number of objects in a given set
- excludes the term ‘cardinal number’

- represent a given number by a set of objects
- includes visualising small sets up to 5 objects instead of counting one by one

- use ordinal numbers such as first, second, up to tenth
- includes symbols, e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.
- excludes the term ‘ordinal number’

- give a number to indicate the number of objects in a given set
- Comparing And Ordering
- compare two or more sets in terms of the difference in number
- includes the concept of one-to-one correspondence
- includes use of the phrases ‘more than’, ‘less than’ and ‘fewer than’
- includes finding ‘How many more/less?’

- compare numbers up to 100
- includes use of the words: greater, greatest, smaller, smallest
- excludes use of the symbols ‘ > ’ and ‘ < ’

- arrange numbers in increasing and decreasing order

- compare two or more sets in terms of the difference in number
- Addition And Subtraction
- illustrate the meaning of ‘addition’ and ‘subtraction’
- includes comparing two numbers within 20 and finding how much greater/smaller

- write mathematical statements for given situations involving addition and subtraction
- build up the addition bonds up to 9 + 9 and commit to memory
- includes writing number stories for each number up to 10
- includes sums such as the following: (i) ? + 2 = 7, (ii) 3 + ? = 12
- excludes box sums which are beyond addition bonds such as 9 + ? = 22

- recognise the relationship between addition and subtraction
- add and subtract numbers involving: 2-digit numbers and ones 2-digit numbers and tens 2-digit numbers and 2-digit numbers
- excludes formal algorithm
- includes addition/subtraction with renaming

- add 3 one-digit numbers
- carry out simple addition and subtraction mentally involving: 2-digit number and ones without renaming 2-digit number and tens
- solve 1-step word problems on addition and subtraction
- use numbers within 20

- illustrate the meaning of ‘addition’ and ‘subtraction’
- Multiplication
- illustrate the meaning of multiplication as repeated addition
- write mathematical statements for given situations involving multiplication
- use numbers with product not greater than 40

- multiply numbers whose product is not greater than 40
- excludes use of multiplication tables

- solve 1-step word problems with pictorial illustrations on multiplication

- Division
- divide a quantity not greater than 20 into equal sets: given the number of objects in each set given the number of sets
- excludes use of division symbol

- divide a quantity not greater than 20 into equal sets: given the number of objects in each set given the number of sets

- Measurement Of Length And Mass
- compare the lengths/masses of two or more objects in non-standard units
- includes the use of simple approximation to measure lengths/masses
- includes the use of the following words: long, longer, longest short, shorter, shortest tall, taller, tallest high, higher, highest heavy, heavier, heaviest light, lighter, lightest
- excludes finding the difference in length/mass

- compare the lengths/masses of two or more objects in non-standard units
- Time (12-Hour Clock)
- tell time in terms of o’clock and half past
- excludes use of 24-hour clock

- tell time in terms of o’clock and half past
- Money
- tell the different denominations of: coins notes
- match one coin/note of one denomination to an equivalent set of coins/notes of another denomination
- tell the amount of money in: cents (¢) up to $1 dollars ($) up to $100
- includes use of symbols ‘$’ and ‘¢’
- excludes combinations of dollars and cents

- add and subtract money in: dollars only cents only
- solve 1-step word problems on addition and subtraction of money in: dollars only cents only
- includes finding ‘How much more/less?’

- Picture Graphs
- make picture graphs of given data
- includes collecting and organising data
- includes both horizontal and vertical forms
- includes the use of symbolic representations, e.g. represents one child

- read and interpret picture graphs
- excludes picture graphs with scales such as each represents 5 children

- make picture graphs of given data

- Shapes
- Identify, name and classify the following shapes: rectangle square circle triangle
- Identify the following shapes in 3-D objects: rectangle square circle triangle

- Patterns
- complete patterns according to: shape size colour two of the preceeding attributes
- complete patterns with 3-D solids: cube rectangular block cone cylinder
- excludes use of the words ‘cube’, ‘cone’, ‘cylinder’ in written or verbal form

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at www.moe.gov.sg (link opens in new page)

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