Singapore Primary Math Explained sc-math

Primary Mathematics Syllabus (2001 - 2006)

Updated: 29 December, 2004

Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3
Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6

The information below is from the document "Primary Mathematics Syllabus 2001" produced by Singapore's Ministry Of Education (MOE).

Primary 1

Whole Numbers Money and Measures
Statistics Geometry

Whole Numbers

  1. Number Notation And Place Values
    • count to 100
      • includes completing sequences of consecutive numbers
      • includes counting in tens and completing sequence
    • read and write numbers up to 100 in numerals and in words
    • Recognise the place values of numbers (tens, ones)
  2. Cardinal And Ordinal Numbers
    • give a number to indicate the number of objects in a given set
      • excludes the term ‘cardinal number’
    • represent a given number by a set of objects
      • includes visualising small sets up to 5 objects instead of counting one by one
    • use ordinal numbers such as first, second, up to tenth
      • includes symbols, e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.
      • excludes the term ‘ordinal number’
  3. Comparing And Ordering
    • compare two or more sets in terms of the difference in number
      • includes the concept of one-to-one correspondence
      • includes use of the phrases ‘more than’, ‘less than’ and ‘fewer than’
      • includes finding ‘How many more/less?’
    • compare numbers up to 100
      • includes use of the words: greater, greatest, smaller, smallest
      • excludes use of the symbols ‘ > ’ and ‘ < ’
    • arrange numbers in increasing and decreasing order
  4. Addition And Subtraction
    • illustrate the meaning of ‘addition’ and ‘subtraction’
      • includes comparing two numbers within 20 and finding how much greater/smaller
    • write mathematical statements for given situations involving addition and subtraction
    • build up the addition bonds up to 9 + 9 and commit to memory
      • includes writing number stories for each number up to 10
      • includes sums such as the following: (i) ? + 2 = 7, (ii) 3 + ? = 12
      • excludes box sums which are beyond addition bonds such as 9 + ? = 22
    • recognise the relationship between addition and subtraction
    • add and subtract numbers involving:  2-digit numbers and ones  2-digit numbers and tens  2-digit numbers and 2-digit numbers
      • excludes formal algorithm
      • includes addition/subtraction with renaming
    • add 3 one-digit numbers
    • carry out simple addition and subtraction mentally involving:  2-digit number and ones without renaming  2-digit number and tens
    • solve 1-step word problems on addition and subtraction
      • use numbers within 20
  5. Multiplication
    • illustrate the meaning of multiplication as repeated addition
    • write mathematical statements for given situations involving multiplication
      • use numbers with product not greater than 40
    • multiply numbers whose product is not greater than 40
      • excludes use of multiplication tables
    • solve 1-step word problems with pictorial illustrations on multiplication
  6. Division
    • divide a quantity not greater than 20 into equal sets:  given the number of objects in each set  given the number of sets
      • excludes use of division symbol

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Money and Measures

  1. Measurement Of Length And Mass
    • compare the lengths/masses of two or more objects in non-standard units
      • includes the use of simple approximation to measure lengths/masses
      • includes the use of the following words: long, longer, longest short, shorter, shortest tall, taller, tallest high, higher, highest heavy, heavier, heaviest light, lighter, lightest
      • excludes finding the difference in length/mass
  2. Time (12-Hour Clock)
    • tell time in terms of o’clock and half past
      • excludes use of 24-hour clock
  3. Money
    • tell the different denominations of:  coins  notes
    • match one coin/note of one denomination to an equivalent set of coins/notes of another denomination
    • tell the amount of money in:  cents (¢) up to $1  dollars ($) up to $100
      • includes use of symbols ‘$’ and ‘¢’
      • excludes combinations of dollars and cents
    • add and subtract money in:  dollars only  cents only
    • solve 1-step word problems on addition and subtraction of money in:  dollars only  cents only
      • includes finding ‘How much more/less?’

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  1. Picture Graphs
    • make picture graphs of given data
      • includes collecting and organising data
      • includes both horizontal and vertical forms
      • includes the use of symbolic representations, e.g. represents one child
    • read and interpret picture graphs
      • excludes picture graphs with scales such as each represents 5 children

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  1. Shapes
    • Identify, name and classify the following shapes:  rectangle  square  circle  triangle
    • Identify the following shapes in 3-D objects:  rectangle  square  circle  triangle
  2. Patterns
    • complete patterns according to:  shape  size  colour  two of the preceeding attributes
    • complete patterns with 3-D solids:  cube  rectangular block  cone  cylinder
      • excludes use of the words ‘cube’, ‘cone’, ‘cylinder’ in written or verbal form

The above information are summarised from Singapore's Ministry of Education website at (link opens in new page)

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